Pheasey is part of the greater area of Great Barr which is a surburb north of Birmingham based around the Scott Arms Junction but under the control of three different councils, Brimingham, Sandwell and Walsall.
The word barr means a hill or summit in the Celtic language of the people who lived here before the Anglo-Saxons arrived. Magna or Great Barr was part of the manor given by William 1 to William Fitzansculf as Baron of Dudley following the Norman invasion of 1066. The manor was eventually sold to the Scott family in 1618. They built Great Barr Hall and remained there until 1911.
Simon Vesey bought some land in Barr in 1559, but over the years the spelling changed to Pheasey, which is how the estate got its name. George Smith farmed at Pheasey for many years and when he left, the land was sold to the First National Housing Trust.
Building began in 1937. The road names were chosen by the developers and have no local connections. They all commemorate artists, engravers or sculptors, some of them being rather better known than others.
In the 1950’s, Park Farm, which was the Home Farm of the Great Barr Estate, was also sold for housing, the development being completed in 1981.
Sir Walter Scott, the novelist, was a visitor to Great Barr Hall and is supposed to have modelled his estate at Abbotsford on the Hall’s gardens. This may account for the developer’s decision to give some of the Park Farm Estate roads Scottish names. However, the reason for the other names has not been discovered, all we know is that they were accepted by Aldridge U.D.C. in 1954.
In 1974 when you had the major boundary changes Pheasey moved to Walsall, however there was a campaign to move it to Birmingham Council which failed on a vote at the time.
After years of debate, controversy and referral to the Government permission in 2006 was granted to build homes on the green belt of the old St Margarets Hospital at the back of Park Farm (Great Barr Park as known by many). This development was completed in 2008 to be called Nether Hall Park and still controversy goes on with further planning permissions submitted.
Barr Beacon to the north of the Pheasey Estate is a local beauty spot and the highest point of the area. the claim to fame of Barr Beacon is that if the Earth was flat you could see across to the next highest point, the Ural mountains in Russia.